19 May: This Day in Military History

To prepare for the future, we must understand our past. Follow OpsLens “On This Day in Military History” to learn more about the events that shaped our country

 

1848: The Mexican government agrees to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, officially ending the Mexican-American War and ceding over 500,000 square miles of territory to the United States. Over 1,500 Americans gave their lives in combat and another 10,000 died from illness during the two-year war.

1855: Marines from the screw frigate USS Powhatan land in Shanghai to protect American lives and property during the Taiping Rebellion.

1942: (featured image) After evading capture by Japanese forces in China and returning safely to the United States, President Franklin D. Roosevelt awards Brig. Gen. Jimmy Doolittle the Medal of Honor for leading the Doolittle Raid against Japan.

1944: The crew of destroyer escort USS England (DE-635) sinks their first of six Japanese submarines in 12 days – the most subs sunk by any ship in history. Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Ernest J. King declares, “There’ll always be an England in the United States Navy.”

USS England (DE-635)

1960: Air Force Maj. (future Maj. Gen.) Robert M. White pilots his North American X-15 rocket-powered aircraft to an altitude of 108,000 feet (20.6 miles). Prior to becoming the first human to reach Mach’s 4, 5, and 6 (over 4,000 miles per hour), White flew combat missions in World War II and Korea, and would earn the Air Force Cross (the service’s second-highest award for valor, behind the Medal of Honor) on one of his 70 missions over North Vietnam.

Major Robert M. White stands next to the open canopy of an X-15

 

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